Debate: “THB that the developed world is responsible for the poverty of the developing world”

Chairperson, timekeeper, members of the proposition, fellow members of the opposition, members of the house. Good evening, my name is María Paredes and I am the ____ of the opposition team. Today, ladies and gentlemen, I’ll be talking about and explaining two points to strongly oppose the motion that the developed world is responsible for the poverty of the developing world.

First of all I am going to talk about colonization and derivaded responsibility. Developed countries which ruled other developing or underdeveloped countries may not have contributed to the progress of these during the limited time they controlled them, however those developing countries are owners of their own destiny and their first and main duty is self help. Ladies and gentlemen, why do we have to keep being blamed for things that happened so long ago? For example how some South American countries are still blaming us Spaniards for a colonization which ended over two hundred years ago.

An example, recent though sad, is Haiti. Haiti is, unbelievably for some, one of the very first American countries to gain its independence 207 years ago – almost the same year as The United States – and it is one of the poorest countries in the world. In fact, 80% of its population lives in poverty; it is the poorest country in the American continent. Also, there are some countries in South America such as Chile and Argentina which have progresses while Honduras and El Salvador still have lots of poverty.

Basically, the secret of developed countries is the increased levels of freedom they have experienced over the years. The productivity of labor grows in pluralistic societies, and where individual initiative and the division of the work – which is cooperation – rules leads us to economical efficiency therefore to the accumulation of wealth.

My second point is that even though collaboration between some occidental governments and multinational companies with corrupt systems is given sometimes, the investments in these countries has always some benefit for population and has led some towards prosperity. There are cases of success like those of Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore and some which are emerging nowadays such as Vietnam.

This brings me to globalization. In general, this phenomenon, so criticized by some, is bringing benefit to these underdeveloped or developing countries. Examples of this are the cases of China and India, the two most populated countries in the world. There, little by little, over two thousand million inhabitants are coming out of the most absolute poverty and seeing – in the case of China – some , though humble, progress in freedom. I should also point out that China will become in the next decade the no. 1 economical power in the world; this was officially confirmed by the International Monetary Fund a few months ago.

More and more companies are broadening their borders and opening factories in countries which really need help, such as Apple, Nike and many multinational companies are doing in South America. By taking their factories to those countries they create employment, formation of its workers and the creation of economic activity.

Today, ladies and gentlemen, I have talked to you about two main points: colonization and derivaded responsibility and globalization. I apologize for any language mistakes. Thank you for listening and I beg you to oppose.

[Sadly, child labor is still seen these days, but that is why Fairtrade and such other organizations exist, to prevent this from happening and make sure there is justice.]

[And the virtue of helping the poor must not be confused or mistaken with the defense of the poverty of these, in which there is absolutely no virtue. A community who is in need does not necessarily need to have a virtue, even if helping a community in need is a virtue]

(Tribalism and superstition heavily installed in these communities doesn’t stimulate progress at all either).


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